ОГЭ по английскому языку 2018 Вариант 1

ОГЭ по английскому языку 2018 2019 года Л. М. Гудкова, О. В. Терентьева — Вариант 1

При написании данной работы «ОГЭ по английскому языку 2018 Вариант 1» было использовано пособие ОГЭ по английскому языку. 10 тренировочных вариантов экзаменационных работ для подготовки к основному государственному экзамену. Л. М. Гудкова, О. В. Терентьева, 2018 — 2019 года.

Совместно с пособием распространяются аудио записи ко всем вариантам заданий, поэтому настоятельно рекомендуем вам приобрести данное пособие для более качественной подготовки к ОГЭ по английскому языку. Заказать книгу вы можете перейдя по ссылке выше.


Письменная часть

Раздел 1. Задания по аудированию

1 Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами A, B, C и D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и жанрами фильмов, о которых говорится в диалоге: к каждому диалогу подберите соответсвующее название жанра, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое название жанра из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее название жанра.
  1. Thriller
  2. Detective
  3. Fantasy
  4. Love story
  5. Adventure

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Диалог A B C D
Жанр фильма

Dialogue A

A: I can’t understand anything. The case is so complicated.
B: It’s because the criminals killed the investigator when he was almost ready with evidence.
A: What will the family do?
B: I think they’ll hire a private investigator who’ll be as smart as Sherlock Holmes.

Dialogue B

A: I think the main character is courageous.
B: And in my opinion he is naughty. He took that boat and went sailing without permission.
A: But he stayed calm in that terrible storm, didn’t he?
B: Yes, he did. But he didn’t think about his mother’s feelings, did he?.

Dialogue C

A: Will you turn the sound down? I can’t concentrate when something is blowing up and crashing.
B: Just wait a few minutes and the gang will be caught.
A: How can you watch all this when you know the end?
B: You see, special effects thrill me.

Dialogue D

A: Sorry, I missed the beginning. What are those ugly green creatures doing?
B: They are trying to defend themselves and their territory.
A: Who’s attacking them?
B: Visitors from outer space

Показать ответ
Диалог A B C D
Жанр фильма 2 5 1 3
2 Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D и E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответсвующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.
  1. The speaker talks about a very trendy restaurant.
  2. The speaker talks about the prospects of shopping.
  3. The speaker doesn’t think low prices are the main thing.
  4. The speaker is disappointed by the service and the quality.
  5. The speaker prefers them for a greater variety of goods.
  6. The speaker advises the best time for shopping.
Говорящий A B C D E
Утверждение

A. I hadn’t shopped during the sales in the past. So last Saturday I thought I’d try it with some friends… Well, it was chaos! … How can people shop, being pushed all the time? I mean, okay, the prices are a bit cheaper but I’d better stick to my discount stores, thank you very much…

B. I was just furious! I was expecting the bill to total around forty dollars, but boy was I surprised when I saw it was for sixty-five! The first thing I did was to check it, to see if we’d been overcharged… It was correct, but I didn’t think the food or the service was really worth it.

C. I don’t like going to the supermarket all the time. I know people who go once or twice a week, but I believe once a fortnight is fine… Well, this isn’t really the cheapest place to shop,… but I know I can find a wide range of things there.

D. I knew about the sales, so I got to the department store very early… and I knew it wouldn’t be too crowded at that hour… I was lucky to have the store to myself for a while… Anyway, everything was cheap… so I left a couple of hours later with three full shopping bags… Believe me, it’s a good idea to avoid the crowds.

E. Well, I think our everyday life will change quite a bit. We will be able to buy everything by computer, even clothes and shoes. We won’t even have to try anything on, because the computer will show us exactly what we will look like in them.

Показать ответ
Говорящий A B C D E
Утверждение 3 4 5 6 2
Вы услышите разговор двух подростков. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответсвует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Julia: Suzy, you know, I’ve just returned from the new supermarket.
Suzy: The one round the corner? I didn’t expect it to open till next weekend.
Julia: Ann told me the same but yesterday morning I found an advertisement in my mailbox. They promised great discounts on the opening day. So I decided to look for myself.
Suzy: Oh, why didn’t you phone me?
Julia: I did but your mother said you were at the courses.
Suzy: Yes, I’ve just come back. Did you buy anything
Julia: In fact I was looking for a present for my sister. I wanted a music CD or a video but they didn’t have any she likes. Then I saw a nice bag but it was too expensive. At last I got a really nice make-up set.
Suzy: And was it cheap?
Julia: Well, in other shops it costs seven pounds. Last week I saw it for five pounds and here I’ve got it for four pounds fifty.
Suzy: That’s good. I hope I’ll be able to go there on Friday or Saturday.
Julia: I think I’ll join you. But, listen, they are giving a pop-show there on Sunday. How about going then?
Suzy: It would be great but it’s my mother’s birthday and I wanted to get a present for her beforehand.
Julia: It’s a pity I’m busy on Friday. I’ve got an arrangement with my dentist.
Suzy: That’s OK, go to the dentist, I’ll do some cooking and the next day we’ll go together.

3 How did Julia learn about the opening of the supermarket?
1) Suzy phoned her. 2) Ann told her. 3) She read about it.
Показать ответ

3) She read about it.

4 Julia went to the supermarket because

  1. Ann had asked her to buy something.
  2. She wanted to but something at a lower price.
  3. She was looking for an advertisement.
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2) She wanted to but something at a lower price.

5 What did Julia buy?
1) Some cosmetics. 2) A music CD. 3) A nice bag.
Показать ответ

1) Some cosmetics.

6 How much did the present cost?
1) 4.00. 2) 4.50. 3) 7.00.
Показать ответ

2) 4.50.

7 Suzy decided to go to the supermarket because

  1. She hoped to buy a present.
  2. They were giving a pop-show there.
  3. She had nothing else to do.
Показать ответ

1) She hoped to buy a present.

8 When did Suzy and Julia agree to go shopping together?

  1. On Friday.
  2. On Saturday.
  3. On Sunday.
Показать ответ

3) On Saturday.

Раздел 2. Задания по чтению

9 Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
  1. Living through ages
  2. Influenced by fashion
  3. Young and energetic
  4. Old and beautiful
  5. Still a mystery
  6. A lot to see and to do
  7. Welcome to students
  8. Fine scenery

A. Ireland is situated on the western edge of Europe. It is an island of great beauty with rugged mountains, blue lakes, ancient castles, long sandy beaches and picturesque harbors. The climate is mild and temperate throughout the year. Ireland enjoys one of the cleanest environments in Europe. Its unspoilt countryside provides such leisure activities as hiking, cycling, golfing and horse-riding.

B. Over the past two decades, Ireland has become one of the top destinations for English language learning more than 100,000 visitors come to Ireland every year to study English. One quarter of Ireland s population is under 25 years of age and Dublin acts as a magnet for young peoplelooking for quality education. The Irish are relaxed, friendly, spontaneous, hospitable people and have a great love of conversation. So, there is no better way of learning a language than to learn it in the country where it is spoken.

C. Dublin sits in a vast natural harbor. Such a protected harbor appealed to the first settlers 5,000 years ago and traces of their culture have been found around Dublin and its coast. But it was not until the Vikings came sailing down the coast in the mid 9th century that Dublin became an important town. Next to arrive were the Anglo-Norman adventurers. This was the beginning of the long process of colonization that dictated Ireland s development over the next seven hundred years.

D. Now Dublin is changing fast and partly it s thanks to its youthful population over 50 percent are under the age of twenty-five and that makes the city come alive. Today Dublin is a city full of charm with a dynamic cultural life, small enough to be friendly, yet cosmopolitan in outlook. This is the culture where the heritage of ancient days brings past and present together.

E. In general, cultural life of Dublin is very rich and you can enjoy visiting different museums, art galleries and exhibitions. But for those looking for peace and quiet there are two public parks in the centre of the city: St. Stephen s Green and Merrion Square. The city centre has several great shopping areas depending on your budget as well as numerous parks and green areas for relaxing in. Dublin is also a sports-mad city and whether you are playing or watching, it has everything for the sports enthusiast.

F. Step dances are the creation of Irish dancing masters of the late 18th century. Dancing masters would often travel from town to town, teaching basic dancing steps to those interested and able to pay for them. Their appearance was motivated by a desire to learn the fashionable dance styles which were coming from France. The dance masters often changed these dances to fit the traditional music and, in doing so, laid the basis for much of today s traditional Irish dance ceili, step, and set.

G. St Patrick is known as the patron saint of Ireland. True, he was not a born Irish. But he has become an integral part of the Irish heritage, mostly through his service across Ireland of the 5th century. Patrick was born in the second half of the 4th century AD. There are different views about the exact year and place of his birth. According to one school of opinion, he was born about 390 A.D., while the other school says it is about 373 AD. Again, his birth place is said to be in either Scotland or Roman England. So, though Patricius was his Romanicized name, he became later known as Patrick.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Ответ:

Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок
Показать ответ
Текст A B C D E F G
Заголовок 8 7 1 3 6 2 5
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Seat Belts: Do We Really Need Them?

In many countries now seat belts are compulsory for the driver and front seat passengers at least.

Most doctors believe that seat belts save people from being seriously hurt in a crash, but there are some people who still think that it is more dangerous to wear a seat belt than not to wear one.

They say that a seat belt may trap one in a car that is burning, or that has fallen into a river or the sea and is sinking, so that one is burnt to death or drowned.

But less than half of one per cent of car accidents lead to fire or sinking, and in any case, a seat belt may easily save a person from being knocked unconscious in an accident, so that he or she is able to undo the seat belt immediately and get out of a car that is on fire or sinking.

People who object to seat belts also sometimes say that without one, one may be thrown right out of a car in a crash, but doctors will tell you that that is the last thing one wants to happen: if one is thrown out of a car, one hits something, usually the road, and usually hard and at speed. It is better to remain inside a car in the case of a crash.

There is also the question of personal freedom; some people say that it is an attack on their freedom to force them to wear a seat belt, whether they want to or not. But even in a democracy there are a lot of things a person is denied the right to do though he or she wants to do them. I may, for example, want to play music loudly at night; it interferes with my freedom if I am not allowed to do this. But my neighbours have their own rights to freedom, just as I have. They want to be free to sleep quietly at night, and if I stop them doing so, I am interfering with their freedom.

How does this affect seat belts? In what way does it interfere with the rights of others if someone refuses to wear a seat belt? Well, first of all because common sense tells us that a driver without a seat belt has less control of a car if there is an accident, so that he or she is more likely to be a danger to others, who after all also have the right to be protected as much as possible from accident

10 All people agree that seat belts are a good thing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Показать ответ

2) False

11 All people agree that seat belts are a good thing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Показать ответ

1) True

12 All people agree that seat belts are a good thing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Показать ответ

3) Not stated

13 All people agree that seat belts are a good thing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Показать ответ

1) True

14 All people agree that seat belts are a good thing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Показать ответ

2) False

15 All people agree that seat belts are a good thing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Показать ответ

1) True

16 All people agree that seat belts are a good thing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Показать ответ

3) Not stated

17 All people agree that seat belts are a good thing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Показать ответ

3) Not stated

Раздел 3. Задания по грамматике и лексике

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18-26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18-26.

Pablo Picasso

18

19

20

21

Many people realized that Pablo Picasso was a genius but he disappointed those who wanted ____________ to become a traditional painter. He was always breaking the rules of artistic traditions and shocked public with his strange and powerful pictures. He is probably ____________ known for his Cubist pictures, which used only simple geometric shapes. His paintings of people often ____________ up of triangles and squares with their features in the wrong place. His work changed our ideas about art and, nowadays, to millions of people modern art ____________ the work of Picasso. HE

GOOD

MAKE

MEAN

Показать ответ

18 — him

19 — best

20 — were made

21 — means

George Bernard Shaw

22

23

24

25

26

George Bernard Shaw, an outstanding Irish playwright and critic, ____________ in Dublin on July 26, 1856 to a poor protestant family.

Later the family ____________ to London. There he started writing novels and plays. Between 1892 and 1930 he ____________ over twenty plays, both tragedies and comedies.

One of the ____________ plays is Pygmalion. In many countries of the world this play always ____________ a great success with the public.

BEAR

MOVE

WRITE

POPULAR

BE

Показать ответ

22 — was born

23 — moved

24 — wrote

25 — most popular

26 — has been

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27-32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27-32.

Difficult Problems

27

28

29

30

31

32

The use of animals for ____________ purposes is a difficult ethical problem. Many people owe their lives to modern drugs or surgical techniques that first were tested on animals. Some of these ____________ would not have been possible without animal experiments. People who campaign for animal rights are usually young and ____________, and have not yet needed the benefits of medical progress. Perhaps it is ethically ____________ to sacrifice animals for the sake of medical research, as long as the animals do not suffer. But that ____________ point of view rises another difficult question: what can be considered as ____________? SIENCE

DEVELOP

HEALTH

ACCEPT

THEORY

SUFFER

Показать ответ

27 — scientific

28 — developments

29 — healthy

30 — acceptable

31 — theoretical

32 — suffering

Раздел 4. Задания по письму

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №2. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ №2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
33 You have 30 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Timothy
….It s my third week at the language school. The programmes are full and very interesting, but most of the learning is done in the classrooms. I can’t say that I m disappointed, but I d like to have more practice and experience the language culture outside the classrooms.
How do you study English? Where do you practise it? Do you think that it s necessary to go abroad to develop your language skills?…Write him a letter and answer his 3 questions.
Write 100-120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
Показать ответ

Пример ответа:

Chekhov

Russia

15th May, 2018

Dear Timothy,

Thanks a lot, it was great to get your letter! I’ve learn a lot about your language practice.

Frankly speaking, I’ve never had any language practice abroad and I don’t have any possibilities of such studies besides school lessons.

I practise English, reading books in the original and I also enjoy listening to some old English groups like the ‘Beatles’. Listening to some other groups is also quite helpful. For example, ABBA songs are easily understood.

I’d like to have a chance of practising English with a native speaker, though not necessarily abroad (it’s cool but too expensive)!

Sorry, I’ve got to feed my dog.

Write soon.

Best wishes,

Angela

Устная часть

1 Task 1. You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will have not more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Whether we realise it or not, TV plays a very important part in our lives. It’s the main source of information and a cheap form of entertainment for millions of people. It gives us an opportunity to «travel» all over the world, to «meet» different people and learn about their customs and traditions . It helps us to relax after a hard day’s work and escape from reality. Some people argue that television is a terrible waste of time. It makes us lazier. We stay at home instead of going out. We read less. We think less. We even talk less. It’s true that some TV addicts spend hours in front of the «box» watching whatever’s on — from second-rate Mexican soap operas to silly commercials. The trick is to learn to control television and use it intelligently. The ideal is to turn on the TV-set only when there’s a really interesting programme. Violence on TV is another problem that worries people. But the same can be said about computer games and many films and books. And if you don’t like a certain programme, why watch it?

2 Task 2. You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answer to the questions Remember that you will have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Tapescript for Task 2

Electronic assistant: Hello! This is the electronic assistant of the Leisure Club. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out what teenagers think about spending their free time. Please answer our six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: What are your favourite weekdays? Why?

Student:_____________________________

Electronic assistant: Do you plan spending your free time or just waste it?

Student:_____________________________

Electronic assistant: How does spending your free time depend on the weather?

Student:_____________________________

Electronic assistant: Have you any special hobbies which take your free time? What are they if any?

Student:_____________________________

Electronic assistant: Why do you think it’s necessary to help you parents about the house?

Student:_____________________________

Electronic assistant: What would you recommend your friends do to have more productive free time?

Student:_____________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your time.

3 Task 3. You are going to give a talk about sports& You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes.

OGE-angl-9-klass-2018-1-variant-1

Remember to say:

  • if you are a sports fan or if you go in for sports;
  • if you lead an active style of life;
  • in what way sport helps you.

You have talk continuously.